Cấu hình DNS server trên router Cisco

Tham khảo cấu hình chi tiết bên dưới

Consider the following network diagram. This is our example network, we'd like to enable the DNS Service so our workstations can properly resolve Internet domains but also local network names.


First step is to enable the DNS service and domain lookup on the router:

First step is to enable the DNS service and domain lookup on the router:

R1# configure terminal
R1(config)# ip dns server
R1(config)# ip domain-lookup

Next, we need to configure the router with a public name-server, this will force the router to perform recursive DNS lookups, in other words, for every request it receives from our workstations the router will try to find the answer by asking as many DNS servers it needs, and finally return with an answer:

R1(config)# ip name-server
R1(config)# ip name-server

The Cisco IOS will allow you to enter up to 6 different name servers (essentially DNS servers). Usually you would use your ISP's DNS server to ensure you have quick responses, then place a few free public DNS servers such as the ones above. This will ensure that you'll get a DNS response from either your ISP or public DNS servers.

Next step is to configure your DNS server with the host names of your local network, this way when Alan's PC trys to ping or connect to Wayne, the router will successfully resolve its netbios name to the appropriate IP address:

R1(config)# ip host alan
R1(config)# ip host john
R1(config)# ip host wayne

If you now try to ping 'wayne' directly from your router's CLI prompt, you should receive an answer:
R1# ping wayne

Type escape sequence to abort.

Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to, timeout is 2 seconds:
Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 1/1/4 ms

At this point, you can configure your workstations to use your router's IP address as the primary DNS server:

Article Summary

We've covered how a Cisco router can be used as a basic DNS server to enable network clients to perform DNS queries for the local network and Internet.

Future articles in DNS will cover more advanced configurations, including full domain resource records, DNS load balancing and more.

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